1-Official Name: Islamic The Republic of Pakistan
2-Date of Establishment: August 14, 1947
3-Area: Area 803,940 sq km (310,300 sq mi)
4-Population: 144.6 million
5-Capital city: Islamabad (pop. approx. 350,000)
6-Languages: Urdu (official), Punjabi, Sindhi,
Pashtu, Baluchi and English
7-Religion: 97% Muslim, 3% Christian and Hindu
8-Government: Federal Republic
9- Major Industries: Textiles, sugar, vegetable
oil, agricultural products, cement, fertilisers, steel, chemicals,
sporting goods, carpets, surgical instruments.
10-Biggest City: Karachi
is the biggest city in Pakistan. It has the country's largest
port and an International Airport. Karachi has always been
regarded as the main metropolis of Pakistan with everything
to offer from skyscrapers to historical buildings.
11-Climate: Pakistan has a continental type
of climate, characterized by extreme variations of temperature.
Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered
northern mountains. Temperature on the Balochistan Plateau
are somewhat higher. Along the coastal strip the climate is
tempered by sea breeze. In the rest of the country the temperature
rises steeply in the summer, and hot winds blow across the
plains during the day. The daily variation in temperature
may be as much as 11Â°C to 17Â°C. Winters are cold with a minimum
mean temperature of about 4Â°C in January.
12-Tourist Resorts: Murree, Ziarat, Hunza,
Swat, Kaghan, and the Northern Areas of Pakistan are incredible
places of natural beauty. Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot
Diji, Mehrgarh are famous archaeological sites.
13-Mountains: K2 2nd highest in the world
Nanga Parbat 8th and the Gasherbrum Mountain Passes 11th highest.